Self-medication Patterns among Undergraduate Medical Students: A Cross Sectional Institution Based Study

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Abstract
Pharmacology, Toxicology and Biomedical Reports,2017,3,2,43-46.
Published:October 2017
Type:Original Article

Self-medication Patterns among Undergraduate Medical Students: A Cross Sectional Institution Based Study

Tahira Assad1, Nasim Karim2, Ishrat Younus3, Zeeshan Feroz4*

1Karachi Institute of Medical Sciences, Karachi, PAKISTAN.

2Bahria University Medical and Dental College Karachi, PAKISTAN.

3Faculty of Pharmacy, Hamdard University, Karachi, PAKISTAN.

4Department of Basic Sciences, College of Science and Health Professions, King Saud Bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences, Riyadh, KINGDOM OF SAUDI ARABIA.

Abstract:

Objective: Self-medication practice among doctors develops during their undergraduate training. The aim of this study is to assess self-medication patterns among 3rd year undergraduate medical students at the end of their academic year, as pharmacology is taught to them in this year of MBBS course. Methods: This cross-sectional institution based study was conducted after approval by ERB-BUMDC at Bahria University Medical and Dental College, Karachi from October-December 2013 which is the end of their academic year. The participants were 3rd year medical students. All the descriptive data was collected by using specially designed questionnaire, filled on one to one basis by taking an oral interview. Data was analyzed using SPSS version 20 and reported as frequencies and percentage. Results: Self-medication was reported by 67 (72.82%) students out of 92 students. Quick relief (43%) was the common reason to provoke medical students in indulging self-medication. Acetaminophen was the commonly used analgesic (73%) as well as antipyretic (69%) whereas Metronidazole (19%) and Amoxicillin Plus Clavulanic acid (17.3%) were the commonly used antibiotics. 97% of students used acetaminophen in appropriate dose, frequency and duration. Whereas 85% and 94% of students used metronidazole and amoxicillin plus clavulanic acid in appropriate dose, frequency and duration respectively. Conclusion: Frequency of self-medication is high among 3rd year undergraduate medical students at the end of their academic year but majority of students are using medicines in appropriate dose, frequency and duration which may be due to influence of teaching pharmacology to them in this year of MBBS course.