Impact of Microbial Culture Analysis and Prophylactic use of Antibiotics in Acute Severe Pancreatitis

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Abstract
Pharmacology, Toxicology and Biomedical Reports,2015,1,1,10-13.
Published:27th Feb, 2015
Type:Research Article

Impact of Microbial Culture Analysis and Prophylactic use of Antibiotics in Acute Severe Pancreatitis

Jagadish babu Dasari*1, Cristiano Ialongo1, Aruna Chandranath Kondakundhi2, Sri Harsha Munnamgi3, Syed Juied4

1Department of Molecular biology ad biochemistry, University of RomaTorvergata, Rome, Italy

2Department of General Surgery, University of Jinzhou, Liaoning, China.

3Department of General Medicine, Yashoda Hospital, Hyderabad, India.

4Department of BGS Global Hospital, Bangalore, Karnataka, India.

Abstract:

Objective: The uses of prophylactic antibiotics are beneficiary in acute severe pancreatitis in reducing the infection. The main objective of this study is to compare the effects of antibiotics as prophylaxis and treatment in two groups with and without microbial cultural test, respectively. Methods: The study population consisted of 60 patients treated for acute severe pancreatitis. In group 1 (n= 32) patients received prophylactic antibiotics according with the microbial test and were treated accordance with ultra-guided drainage and/or surgical debribment of infected necrosis were performed when the presence of pancreatitis was demonstrated. The primary endpoints were infectious complication rate, incidence of nosocomial infection and mortality rate. In group 2 (n=38), patients received prophylactic antibiotics (ciprofloxacin, metrodinazole) without microbial test. Results: In group 2, 38(54.28%) patients were administrated with prophylactic for >14 days than in group 1, 32(45.71%) the Fine Needle Aspiration and/Ultra Sound guided drainage fluid collections were urine sample 15.62%, blood sample 31.25%, Pus sample 9.37%, peritoneal fluid 12.50% and drain fluid 31.25%. In which 15.62% Escherichia.coli is most commonly grown gram negative bacteria. And carbapenems (meropenam, ertapenam) are most sensitive. We can observe significant difference between groups in mortality and duration of stay in the surgical ward or intensive care unit. Conclusion: In this study, with the microbial analysis the use of the prophylactic antibiotic can reduce the hospital stay, need of surgical management and reduce the frequent use of reoperation.