Menstrual Discomforts and the Treatment Preferred by University Students

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Pharmacology, Toxicology and Biomedical Reports,2015,1,3,111-123.
Published:24 June 2015
Type:Original Article

Menstrual Discomforts and the Treatment Preferred by University Students

Sivadasan Shalinia*, SundarHemalathaa, Wong Chui Tinga, ManiamYoshitaa, Balasubramanian Ganesh Pandiana, Abdul Nazer Alia, Kasi Marimuthub and Veerasamy Ravichandrana

aFaculty of Pharmacy, AIMST University, Jalan Bedong,Semeling-08100, Bedong, Kedah Darul Aman, Malaysia.

bFaculty of Applied Sciences, AIMST University, Semeling-08100, Bedong, Kedah Darul Aman, Malaysia.


Menstrual disorders are one of the major problems faced by women all around the world may have considerable psychological and physical consequences in student community and contribute to absenteeism. Objective: This study was conducted to investigate student’s experience of and their response to menstrual symptoms and also to understand the impact of the respondents’ study background on the treatment preferred for the menstrual symptoms. Methods: The survey was carried out using a pre-validated questionnaire consisting 29 questions, organized into two sections viz., the first section includes 10 items on the demographic details; second section includes 19 questions related menstrual cycle and the treatment preferred. Results: A total of 592 questionnaires were returned by the participants giving a response rate of 70% and only 569 questionnaires were completely filled. Among the participants, 34.97% of students responded to have irregular menstrual cycle. The participants responded that menstrual discomforts was a reason for them to avoid physical exercise (64.0%), feel depressed (54.8%), absent from classes (20.0%)and also that it affectedwork ability (44.1%), academic activities (32.3%), social relationship (30.2%). Conclusion: In this study, the most common discomfort experienced by these students was pain crampsleading to usage of pain killers as their main choice. Among alternative medicines, Chinese medicine was their most preferred choice of treatment, whereas in home remedies, raw ginger was their choice. Aneducational intervention regarding menstrual problems and the importance to seek medical advice can help these students to be concerned on their health.Key words: Alternative medicines, Home remedies, Menstrual discomforts, Preferred, Students, Treatment.